/disˈtraktəˌvôr/ noun: an animal that feeds on distractions.

ADHD Myth: no studies of ADHD in girls until 2002

I don’t know where this myth came from, but studies of ADHD in girls have been around since the 70s.


Disclaimer: If I have directed you personally to this post, or written it specifically for you, I really hope you aren’t offended! Misinformation inevitable – even experts get things wrong.
I think what you do is so great and so important, and trying to reduce the spread of misinformation is just my way of showing my appreciation. I know it can come across as correctile dysfunction, but I just get over enthusiastic about certain topics, like this one


 

 

The myth: there were no studies of ADHD in girls until 2002

 

The reality: studies focussing on ADHD in girls have been around since the 1970s

 

Gender representation in AD/HD studies is notoriously biased. There have been a disproportionate number of studies focussing solely on males with AD/HD, and studies that have male and female participants often have way more male participants than female. Additionally, earlier studies focused only on male/female dyadic sexes and binary genders. However, studies that focused solely on AH/HD in females were done earlier than 2002. The first I could find was 1974. See below for a list of some more pre-2002 studies on females with AD/HD.

 

There were also studies looking at the differences in AD/HD in males vs females, and I will make a seperate list for those (sometime, probably.)

 


A list of some of the earlier studies

1974
“Teacher-rated hyperactive elementary school girls: An exploratory developmental study”
Child Psychiatry and Human Research

1979
“Hyperactive Girls”
Journal of Operational Psychiatry
(no link for this one, it’s hard copy only but it’s in volume 10 no. 2)

1984
“Attention styles of hyperactive and normal girls”
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

1984
“The adolescent outcome of hyperactive girls”
Psychiatry Research

1985
“Girls With Attention Deficit Disorder: A Silent Minority? A Report on Behavioral and Cognitive Characteristics”
Pediatrics

1991
“Are girls with problems of attention underrecognized?”
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

1994
“Reduced Brain Metabolism in Hyperactive Girls”
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

1997
“A Pilot Study of Neuropsychological Function in Girls With ADHD”
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

1999
“Clinical Correlates of ADHD in Females: Findings From a Large Group of Girls Ascertained From Pediatric and Psychiatric Referral Sources”
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

2000
“Family Study of Girls With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder”
The American Journal of Psychiatry

2001
“Familiality and heritability of subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in a population sample of adolescent female twins”
The American Journal of Psychiatry

2001
“Identifying Characteristics of Older and Younger Females with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder”
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics

2001
“Separating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities in girls: a familial risk analysis”
The American Journal of Psychiatry

2001
“Quantitative Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Girls With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder”
Archives of General Psychiatry

2001
“Social impairment in girls with ADHD: patterns, gender comparisons, and correlates”
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry